What we do
Botswana has a policy commitment to recycling and valorisation, and is seeking to maximise the diversion of materials from disposal and to optimise and improve recovery by valorising more materials.
Only a small fraction of recyclables is collected from the Botswana landfill sites by registered waste pickers hired by small junk shops. Most of these materials are sent abroad to be used in the recycling industry. WASTE was asked to assess the current situation of solid waste management including the market for recyclables and facilitate the process of developing recycling guidelines for Botswana municipalities.
How we do it
The Botswana policy commitment can only be achieved once Botswana chooses to put in place a framework for recycling. This means that a decision had to be taken about how to organise the relationships between households, municipal councils, and value chain businesses. In stakeholder meetings in Botswana there was a clear preference for municipal recycling with the centre of gravity in the Councils. The Botswana Municipal Recycling Guidelines are to be built around this decision, articulated by stakeholders, and interpreted by the consultants and the Department of Waste Management and Pollution Control (DWMPC).
This means that Botswana now enters a transition period in solid waste management, that gradually brings recycling and valorisation under the hegemony of the Councils. The speed with which each Council takes on the goals and responsibilities for policies and practices can vary, and the willingness to price and pay for disposal determines the speed of the transition.