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ISSUE-2: Integrated Support for Sustainable Urban Environment 2

Integrated Support for a Sustainable Urban Environment 2 (ISSUE2), a follow up of ISSUE, aimed at upscaling the number of sanitation facilities in the 14 countries.


What we do

ISSUE-2, a follow up of the ISSUE programme, built upon the experiences and lessons learned about the practicalities of sustainable waste management and sanitation options.

ISSUE-2 was aimed at upscaling waste management and the number of sanitation facilities in the 14  countries in order to effectively contribute to realising the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals).

How we do it

Seventeen districts (in 14 countries) were involved in the programme. Each district had clear targets for improving and expanding its sanitation and solid waste infrastructure and activities for 5,000 households.

The main beneficiaries were the users of the systems and the entrepreneurs who provide the required services.

Real and sustainable up-scaling is only possible when the private sector plays an active role. In consequence ISSUE had a deliberate focus on developing small and medium enterprises working in the field of solid waste and human excreta management, based on clear arrangements with local municipalities and utilities, and a focus on valorisation and closing nutrient loops via links between cities and their rural surroundings.

Impact & Sustainability

The ISSUE programme resulted in the following innovative features:

  • Genuinely decentralised management, done by a programme board at programme level, with district level field management Using sanitation and solid waste management as the springboard to supporting sustainable livelihoods
  • A substantive focus on the sustainable modernisation of the management of the urban environment: one that is based on a mix of approaches, rather than a single large technical system
  • A focus on the economic and environmental potentials to be derived from better understanding and managing resource and nutrient cycles within, and between, districts
  • A commitment to explore the synergies from integrating the management of solid waste and excreta waste streams ISSUE 2 built further on two aspects of earlier waste programmes, through decentralised, South-concentrated management via a programme board, the establishment of knowledge centres, and
  • an exit strategy based on introducing sustainable enterprise models and an innovative household and enterprise financing component, “WASTE Ventures.”

The implementing partners of the programme were invited to form local consortia to create a broad base of support. The programme operated through consortia based and active in 14 countries: Nicaragua, Peru, Surinam, Mali, Benin, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and the Philippines.