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Result feacal sludge treatment for application in emergency situations published

Within the S(P)EEDKITS project an extensive research for faecal sludge sanitizing methods has taken place in Blantyre, Malawi.  Three faecal sludge sanitizing methods—lactic acid fermentation, urea treatment and lime treatment—were studied for application in emergency situations. These methods were investigated by undertaking small scale field trials with pit latrine sludge

The result have now been published in IJERPH (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health), The article, "Lactic Acid Fermentation, Urea and Lime Addition: Promising Faecal Sludge Sanitizing Methods for Emergency Sanitation", is available online

The article is the result of a collaboration of:

  • WASTE advisers on urban environment and development, Lange Houtstraat 26, 2511 CW, The Hague, The Netherlands
  • UNESCO-IHE, Westvest 7, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands 
  • Delft University of Technology (TUDelft), Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
  • The University of Malawi—The Polytechnic, Ginney Corner, Blantyre 3, Malawi


The document can be downloaded from the IJERPH website or go directly to: